International Forum of Teaching and Studies- Previous Issues

Author

Shelbee R. NguyenVoges is an Assistant Professor of Education at Kennesaw State University in the Department of First-Year and Transition Studies. She has taught in 6 different international locales including two years spent in Dubai exploring intercultural and international experiential education. Central to her core research is academic and social adjustment within multicultural contexts. Her particular research interests place importance on sociocultural influences to the learning environment, study abroad participation, and the practice of adult learning theory. Recently, her research has underscored critical reflection and transformative learning for Veteran and multicultural learners transitioning into the higher education environment.

Linda M. Lyons is an assistant professor of education and the director of strategic initiatives in University College at Kennesaw State University. She has built an academic trajectory with a focus on the scholarship of teaching and learning that is germane to multicultural education. Specifically, her research concentration is building intercultural competence in higher education through a collaborative approach with academic instructors, campus leaders and other campus stakeholders when developing and executing cultural awareness curriculum and co-curricular initiatives. Linda teaches leadership development courses that are connected to building team synergy, multicultural education, diversity sensitivity and globalization. In her administrative role she assists her college’s leaders with strategic planning efforts to meet identified goals for their specific discipline.

Abstract

At a large, public Southeastern University, a co-curricular experiential learning initiative was implemented with the aim of cultivating global citizenship by using guided visits to various organizations in Washington, DC and reflecting about those experiences using journaling techniques. In this study, the researchers first examine 21st century learning and literature concerned with developing global citizenship, specifically mindfulness, via experiential educative cityscapes. Next, a discussion of this particular experiential learning adventure and the participants is offered, with an overview of data collection and analysis techniques. The researchers conclude by discussing how students in this particular learning-by- doing opportunity connected to the idea of mindfulness within the city context, mindfulness of their felt experience, and their development as global citizens.

Keywords

First-year studies, first year experience, global citizenship, experiential learning, co- curricular learning, mindfulness

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Authors

Chayata Viriya is currently a Ph. D. candidate in the English as an International Language program at Chulalongkorn University. She is also a part-time instructor at Chulongkorn University Language Institute, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. Her research interests include second language writing, genre-based writing instruction, genre awareness, and perceived self-efficacy. Email: chayataviriya@gmail.com

Punchalee Wasanasomsithi was awarded a doctoral degree in Language Education from Indiana University, Bloomington, USA. She is teaching at Chulalongkorn University Language Institute, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand, where she works closely with master and doctoral students on second language acquisition, second language writing, second language teaching, EFL, and qualitative research. Email: punchalee.w@chula.ac.th

Abstract

The study examines the effectiveness of the genre awareness approach, a new writing instruction approach, on the development of EFL undergraduate students’ writing ability. The participants chosen for this study were twenty-seven undergraduate students who enrolled in an English course at a public university in Thailand. Writing tests, genre awareness questionnaires, and interviews were administered to students at the beginning and the end of the course. The results indicated that the genre awareness approach substantially benefited students by enabling them to be aware of how texts were shaped for different communicative purposes. Furthermore, students’ writing ability increased identically with positive attitudes. Recommendations for teaching practices and further research are discussed.

Keywords

genre, genre awareness approach, EFL, writing ability

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Authors

Xintao Yao and Keqin Liu
Lishui Vocational and Technical College, Lishui, China

Email: yxt315@sina.cn

Abstract

The Chinese national program, “A Practical Study of the New Farmer Training College’s Innovatory Mechanism” is coming to an end. During the three-year study period, researchers conducted comprehensive literature reviews, field surveys, authored a book, and applied relevant achievements therefrom. Based on current studies on farmer training in China and other countries, this article describes the famer training model tested in Lishui city and how it would be applied across China.

Keywords

Farmer-Training College; Training Model; Innovatory Mechanism; Drive; Conserving Mechanism

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Authors

Jia Hongwei obtained (in 2011) his Ph.D of linguistics from Beijing University of Foreign Studies and served as post doctoral research fellow (2012-2014) at Minzu University of China. Currently, he is associate professor of linguistics at Department of College English, Capital Normal University (Beijing, China), executive editor-in-chief of Journal of Language and Culture Research, guest professor of Datong University (Datong, Shanxi Province) and Zhengzhou Teachers’ College (Zhengzhou, Henan Province), and doctoral supervisor in the program of educational administration, curriculum and instruction at Silpakorn University (Thailand). His research interest covers socio-linguistics, translation semiotics, overseas sinology, history of modern Chinese linguistics, and history of modern semantics, etc. Up to now, he has published almost 70 journal papers and 3 books.

Abstract

This article combs the Chinese traditional and modern linguistic field research. It is widely admitted that modern Chinese linguistic fieldwork practice is introduced from the West, but also that knowledge in the humanities is strongly situated, especially in the field of language studies. The article, in terms of linguistic historiography, offers an overview of Chinese traditional linguistic fieldwork and the spread of modern Western linguistic fieldwork practice in China, and conducts a contrastive analysis between the two in order to reveal that modern Chinese linguistic fieldwork, though introduced from the West, is, by nature, a combination of Chinese traditional linguistic fieldwork in Fangyan studies and Western linguistic fieldwork practice.

Keywords

traditional Chinese linguistic fieldwork; Fangyan studies; modern linguistic fieldwork

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Authors

Jinhai Wen

School of Foreign Languages Nanjing University of Finance & Economics, Nanjing, China

E-mail: wenjinhai163@163.com

Abstract

The systematic negative transfers engendered thus can be easily obtained in four dimensions of cross-cultural composition, namely forms, uses, grammar and texts. Through analysis, the paper maintains that the essential causes lie with the differences between Chinese Zi-centeredness and English Words-as- basic-unit. Then staring from Zi to Word, it explains their motivations respectively, thus advocating a comparative solution to seek its outlet.

Keywords

Zi-centered theory, composition across borders, linguistic dimensions, negative transfers

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Authors

Zhao Zhiyong and Gao Fenglan

School of Foreign Languages, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China

Email: zhaozy151@nenu.edu.cn

Abstract

Chinese cross-cultural researchers are the carriers and transmitters of Chinese culture as well as the absorbers and introducers of the foreign culture. The cross-cultural researches they did under this cultural identity would form a cultural memory. The new culture established on the basis of the cultural memory is able to develop cross-cultural communication harmoniously and efficiently. In order to build the new culture, people need to make a rational analysis about the cultural identity of Chinese cross- cultural researchers, and to explore how to enhance their cultural identities. Mutual-construction can be considered as a feasible and efficient way to build new culture.

Keywords

Cross-cultural research, cultural identity, cultural memory, new culture, mutual-construction

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Author

Abdullah Coskun

School of Foreign Languages, Abant Izzet Baysal University

Email: coskun_a@ibu.edu.tr

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to explore the assessment dimension of the writing component of a preparatory English program at a large English-medium state university in Turkey. English as a Foreign Language (EFL) instructors (N=50) and students' (N=414) opinions about the effectiveness of the assessment aspect of the program were obtained by means of questionnaires and interviews. The quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 15 while the analysis of the qualitative data was done through content analysis. It was found that although instructors and students were generally pleased with how writing was assessed, some instructors argued that there is a need to standardize the assessment of the writing skills, organize workshops to train instructors for the standardization process, introduce double marking for the assessment of students' written works, use a more detailed assessment scale, include the writing tasks tested in the proficiency exam in the program, and incorporate writing portfolios. Likewise, some students believed that the grading was not very objective, and suggested that the assessment procedure applied to test students' writing ability in the exams should be standardized. These findings provided areas for improvement not only in the context of study but also in other similar EFL contexts.

Keywords

English writing; assessment; evaluation

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Authors

Joseph Huston and Tommy Minton
University of Central Florida, Florida, USA

Abstract

Like other higher education institutions, community colleges have expansively entered the domain of online education. With enrollment growth rates in online courses dramatically outpacing overall enrollment growth, community colleges have clearly responded to the market demand of their students for distance learning. Traditionally, these institutions have served a portion of America's higher education enrollment that has been less prepared for the rigor of college-level coursework than other types of institutions. The researchers set out to determine what differences may exist in course completion rates for community college students in the online teaching modality versus traditional face-to-face instruction. A two-way ANOVA was conducted to analyze 176 sections of Intermediate Algebra for differences between two instructional modalities and across three different term offerings (fall 2014, spring 2015, and summer 2015). Additionally, the interaction effect between instructional modality and term was tested for significance. The researchers determined that there was not a statistically significant difference in course completion rates between the three terms, nor was there a statistically significant interaction effect between teaching modality and term. However, it was determined that there was a statistically significant difference in course completion rates based on instructional modality and further identified that online sections (mean = 0.436, s = 0.118) had a statistically significant lower course completion rate than face-to-face sections (mean = 0.564, s = 0.180).]

Keywords

online education; higher education; mathematics; course completion rate; passing rate; term; modality

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Authors

Yan Wang and Zhao-Ping Jiang
School of Philosophy, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
Email:jzp001cn@163.com

Abstract

The current study discussed the effects of parenting styles and self-esteemon subject well-being among Chinese medical students. A self-administered survey was conducted to collect data from Wei Fang, a middle city in the north part of China. The results showed that parenting styles could affect the subjects' well-being, and their self-esteem was positively related to subject well-being. In addition, self-esteem also demonstrated moderating effects in some of the parenting styles and subject well-being relationships. The implications of these findings are discussed. This empirical study can provide a reliable theoretical foundation to medical students and promote their subject well-being.

Keywords

Chinese medical students; parenting styles; self-esteem; subject well-being

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Authors

Ruirong Mao and Yi Liu (Corresponding Author)
Department of Psychology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

Email: lylypsy@163.com

Abstract

Cross-cultural adaptation is inevitable and critical when people come to a new cultural environment. In the present study, 127 international students in different Chinese universities completed the Acculturation Scale, Cultural Intelligence Scale, and Social Support Scale. The results indicated that the levels of cross-cultural adaptation and social support were not high. Cultural intelligence and social support had a significant positive correlation, and they were both positively correlated with cross-cultural adaptation. The interaction between cultural intelligence and social support was statistically significant, and social support affected as a moderator between cultural intelligence and cross-cultural adaptation.

Keywords

cross-cultural adaptation; cultural intelligence; social support; international student

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Authors

Lv Liangqiu, Liu Dongmei, and Zhao Yushan

School of Foreign Languages, North China

Electric Power University, Beijing, China Email:llq2803@163.com, valelia@126.com, zhaoyushan1963@163.com

Abstract

As the representative of Chinese classical novel, A Dream in Red Mansions recorded the vicissitude of four distinguished families, the lament for twelve girls, and the culture-loaded lantern riddles. With the deepening communication between China and other countries, it is necessary to deliver A Dream in Red Mansions to the world. Given the various differences between the Chinese and English, translators, as the bridge between source authors and target readers, play a vital part in the cultural communication. Based on the book of A Dream in Red Mansions, translated by Yang Xianyi and Gladys B. Tayler, this paper mainly studies the application of Interpretive Theory in translating lantern-riddles. This theory is a strategy applied in interpretation, and its essential principle is communicative equivalence. Then, it is concluded that the Interpretive Theory, which is targeted for interpretation, can also find its place in literary translation, especially the translation of lantern riddles, and both kinds of translations will become more authentic after devocalization. The target language could exactly illustrate the intention and emotion of source authors with the assistance of the Interpretive Theory.

Keywords

interpretive theory; A Dream in Red Mansions; translation of lantern riddles

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Author

Langon Morris

Innovationlabs, Leading Innovation Consulting Firms, CA, USA

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Author

David G. Myers

Hope College, Michigan, USA

Email: dmyers@hope.edu

Abstract

Today's world is digitally connected. This connectivity offers many benefits, including enhanced social connections, e-commerce, and new relationships, including romantic relationships. The Internet is also enabling new methods of data collection and “big data” research. But social psychologists have also noted some costs, including deindividuation (enabling bullying), time diversion from face-to-face relationships, and, especially, self-segregation that leads to social polarization.

Keywords

Social psychology, Internet, big data

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Caring Teachers'Ten Dos

“For the teacher, they might be just small things, but for the student, they mean the world.”

Authors

Tanja Äärelä, Kaarina Määttä, & Satu Uusiautti
University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland

Abstract

The school should represent an institution promoting every student's learning and well-being. Some students still drop out of school. In this article, caring teacherhood is analyzed by giving voice to young people who have faced exclusion from society and ended up in prison. How do they perceive school and good teachers? What are the dos and don'ts of teachers wishing to prevent exclusion and to promote students' positive learning experiences at school? Based on interviews of 29 young Finnish prisoners (aged 17–21 years), we formed ten dos of caring teacherhood that can make school work more appreciative toward various students.

Keywords

young prisoner, teacherhood, caring teacherhood, love-based pedagogy

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Authors

Ditthapong Uthetthamrong, Jarernchai Chonpairot, and Manop Wisuttipat
College of Music, Mahasarakham University, Thailand

Abstract

This qualitative study aimed to investigate the development of the Western music administrative process in higher education institutions in the Kingdom of Cambodia. Surveys, interviews, observations, and questionnaires were used to collect data from 23 samples related to the development of Western music administration. Results suggested that guidelines for development should be 1) updating curriculum; 2) providing instructors with knowledge development and training in skills of transferring techniques; 3) developing students' learning skills and self-dedication to study and practice; 4) making comprehensive and consistent learning activities following the requirements of the curriculum; and 5) planning appropriate educational resources for development.

Keywords

Western music, education management, development, Cambodia

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Authors

Vivienne Leung, S. Y.
Department of Communication Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong

Email: vivleung@hkbu.edu.hk

Abstract

A mixed teaching methodology was adopted in a new General Education (GE) course named “Celebrity and Entertainment Business” at the Hong Kong Baptist University. This course aims to enhance active learning, critical thinking, and sociocultural relevance by discussing recent and real cases related to celebrity culture in various media industries across Asia. Results showed that direct interaction with local celebrities allows students to gain first-hand and in-depth insider insights. Up-to-date case studies motivate students to participate actively in discussions. Teaching evaluation results found that the course is well-received by the students. Detail course design will be discussed.

Keywords

general education, celebrity culture, value of celebrity, teaching format, Hong Kong

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Authors

Yuanyi Ma

Guangdong Institute of Science and Technology, Guangdong, China The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong
yuanyi.ma@connect.polyu.hk

Bo Wang

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong
bo.wang@connect.polyu.hk

Abstract

Since the 1990s, discourse analysis has been frequently applied to translation studies. As one resource of discourse analysis, Systemic Functional Linguistics (henceforth SFL). In SFL, translation and interpreting studies are examined in the field of multilingual studies. According to Matthiessen (2009), Systemic Functional Translation Studies (SFTS) view “language as behavior.” It is not a new direction in SFL, but is now developing at a rapid rate. The term SFTS is recognized in the literature and is used in studies like Matthiessen (2009), Vasconcellos (2009), Espindola (2010), Wang Yan (2015), etc.) and can be applied to analyze both the original text and the translated text. Following this approach, both texts are compared at the sociological, semiotic, generic, registerial, discoursal, and lexicogrammatical levels by adopting a top-down process. The applicability of Halliday's (e.g. 1985) linguistic framework has been widely recognized. In this paper, we would restrict the topic to one aspect only, i.e. the interpersonal metafunction. We first summarize the development of SFL and its integration with translation studies. Then, some key terms in the grammar of interaction, such as Mood, Subject, Finite, Modality, etc. are explained. Some of the existing studies related to the interpersonal metafunction on translation studies are reviewed. These studies have generated new insights into the translation of interpersonal choices, such as meaning potential during the translation of mood type, polarity and modality, which translators may not be aware of during the translation process. The major contributions in this aspect would be summarized, with suggestions of future research addressed.

Keywords

systemic functional linguistics, interpersonal metafunction, mood, modality, translation studies

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Author

Xiujuan Zhou

Qingdao Harbor Vocational and Technical College, Qingdao, Shandong, China

Email: zhou848122@163.com

Abstract

On the basis of a corpus-driven approach, this research investigates high-frequency verb collocations in the case of have by Chinese non-English major learners. Results show that despite the most frequent use of the verb have, the learners make use of relatively low collocation types. The learners tend to simply overuse the words related to the topic or given by the writing directions. It is also found that in the use of have collocation, the learners are inclined to be affected by mother tongue interference and overgeneralization.

Keywords

high-frequency verbs, collocation, HAVE, corpus

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Authors

Prachayakul Tulachom, Boonlert Wongpho, and Pairot Boajai

Recturors at Department of Environment Education
Faculty of Education, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University, Thailand

Abstract

To develop a mixed-media learning environment on global warming in rural households, household members' understanding, knowledge, and attitudes were investigated. The effects of educating households about enhancements to the community were assessed both pre- and post-dissemination of information about global warming. Using a mixed-media learning technique to gather information on their understanding and knowledge, a questionnaire was used. Rural household attitudes were analyzed with a sample of 400 people aged 15-60 years old and living in Wang Nam Yen and Klong Had Districts in Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand. The Krejcie and Morgan technique selected a random sample size from 101,725 people, and the percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and F-test were analyzed. It was found that the quality of the mixed media on global warming information education was at the highest level and that it confirmed criterion; rural households' perceptions of their pre- and post-understanding and knowledge from their studying using mixed media showed significant differences. Significantly (? &ls; .05), the pre- and post-persistence attitudes on mixed media were differentiated at a level of .05, and their understanding knowledge was at the high level of 78.20%.

Keywords

Development, global warming, information education, mixed medias learning, rural households, Sa Kaeo province

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Author

Dwayne Small
DePaul University, Chicago, USA

Abstract

The breakthrough in communication between Iran, the United States and other Western countries in 2013 was done through underground and back channel diplomacy. This kind of diplomatic relation illustrates how important diplomatic communications are in the international arena. Without diplomacy there is no communication and without communication there is no diplomacy. Diplomacy and communication work together in both friendly and hostile nations. Iran and the Unites States have not been communicating publicly since 1980, yet back channel communication continued. This article ties Ed Paulson research in Beyond Chat, directly into media richness and the importance of communication. Research in media richness helps individuals, organizations, the international community, and more, choose the best communication media to use for any form of communication.

Keywords

Communication, diplomacy, diplomat, government, communication media, negotiation

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Author

Saihong Li

The University of Stirling, the United Kingdom

Email: Saihong.li@stir.ac.uk

Abstract

The present study aims to investigate how to use both existing and emerging technologies effectively to create dynamic and more accessible learning resources to allow both learning and teaching with greater freedom. The use of Smartphones, virtual learning environments (VLEs), podcasting vodcasting, QR codes, and interactive voting response systems to assist my teaching of business and consecutive interpreting was analyzed as a case study. The results of this study indicate that the students have benefitted from the use of advanced learning technologies without the learning experience actually becoming about learning how to use the technologies themselves.

Keywords

advanced learning technology; business interpreting; consecutive interpreting

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Authors

Yod Sata, Bunlert Wongpho, and Uthai Chankong
Department of Environmental Education, Faculty of Graduate School Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University, Thailand

E-mail: yodsata@gmail.com

Abstract

To develop methods and efficiency measures for experimental design of the learning activity
management model with community learning conservation will enhance students' activities,
environmental education, attitudes of their environmental conservation toward their behaviors, and the
pre- and post-students' continuing to engender environmental learning activities with the community
learning; conservation is assessed on two sample groups of 60 students in the lower secondary education,
Thailand. The study uses a knowledge-measuring document, a questionnaire that studies students'
attitudes; the questionnaire on students' behaviors and the test of students' knowledge of their
environmental education, were assessed. It has been found that, the efficiency of the students' pre- and
post-learning activities of their environmental education activity management model was 85.05/81.33;
students' attitudes toward their environmental conservation and their behaviors toward their learning
activity management model with the community learning source of different genders, and students'
continuing knowledge of environmental conservation were differentiated significantly (<0.05).

Keywords

learning activity management model; community learning sources; environmental education;
Lower secondary education

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Authors

Satjatam Porntaweekul, Sarintip Raksasataya, and Teerachai Nethanomsak
Department of Curriculum and Instruction Faculty of Education; Khon Kean University: Thailand

E-mail:s_porntaweekul@yahoo.com

Abstract

The aim of this study has been to investigate the development of reflective thinking in an instructional model among student teachers in Roi-Et Rajabhat University, using the qualitative methods of observation, interview, recording short notes, and group discussion. The model under development that was used assessed teaching and learning targets, social system relationships, and indirect and direct specifications of student outcomes, performances, and specifications. Teaching and learning processes and student reflections were related and supported the social system to be promoted by this model. Conceptualization affecting steps to administer of students' activities, namely the persuading thinking, the experiencing reinforces, the experimental exchanged report, and the recalling reflections scales. The effects of the model were to their behaviors and recall thinking of their experimentation and environment. Specification problems and aims with their decisional and believable positions on empirical data were satisfied. Students were able to select and presume the positions of their management to indicate their solved problems and developments. Suggestions for those learners' ideas that created evidence of their conclusions were, thus, provided.

Keywords

development; instructional model; interview; learning; observation; qualitative method; reflective thinking; Roi-Et Rajabhat University; student teachers, teaching

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Authors

Chunwadee Chunrasaksakun, Unchalee Sanrattana, Angkana Tungkasamit, Niwat Srisawat
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Faculty of Education, Khon Kaen University; Thailand

E-mail: chunwadee@gmail.com

Abstract

To administer and prepare teachers for teaching their learners, a curriculum course framework encompassing water resources and disasters was compared to their different school sizes using a sample size of 56 trainee teachers in lower secondary education schools in Thailand. The control teacher group, composed of 28 teachers, was to manage their teaching on 68 learners in 3 classes; 79 learners in 3 classes at grade level 9 were compared as a group taught by-an experimental teacher group composed of 28 teachers. A developed curriculum framework, unstructured selection interviews, and a conservational guidebook were used. For trainee teachers, a new curriculum consisting of learning units and a training curriculum were built; teachers' satisfaction was assessed with pre- and post-test questionnaires. It found the following problems: developing this curriculum was at a medium level, and high responses on the introduction were needed, and a purpose for recapitulating development of learners. Teachers passed the assessment test; their abilities were very high, so the quality and the satisfaction for making learning units were added to their responsibilities. Statistically significant, learners' achievements were different between the controlling and experimental groups at the level .01, correlatively, but the school size was not found to be significantly different.

Keywords

basic education; school size; course; curriculum; disaster; environment; framework; local; management; resource water

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Authors

Seree Saetan, Vinai Veerawattananon, and Teerapat Suttiprapa

Department of Environment Education
Faculty of Education, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University, Thailand

Public Health Experts Offer, Strategy Development Section of the Office of Karasin Public Health

Abstract

To investigate and develop renewable energy for use in households in a rural economy, blended and participatory learning methods that represented were used; they used multi – stage to assess a sample of 30 families. A knowledge-measuring framework, behavior perceptions, and renewable energies were used. Using the renewable energy of the rural economy households with blended learning process techniques composed six categories: using energy in the rural households, the affective energy use of the experimental training with the participatory learning, the energy knowledge, the development of energy methodology, the household administration, and the follow-up and assessment of household practices. Energy knowledge and behaviors of their quality renewable were significantly differentiated (<0.05); the household's outcomes were the differences between the pre- and post- renewable energy with the blended learning process techniques and were significantly differentiated (<0.05).

Keywords

bended learning; development; investigation; kalasin province; participatory learning; renewable energy; rural economy households

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Author

Wachirapong Yaemtui

Language Center, International College for Sustainability Studies, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand

E-mail: wachirapong@g.swu.ac.th

Abstract

Reading is one of the most important language skills for ensuring success at all educational levels. Knowing which reading strategies should be used and how to apply those strategies are very important for reading comprehension. However, there has not been any comprehensive conclusion to ascertain the use of reading strategies. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the reading strategies utilized by able English users and less able English users when reading English materials. Seventy-four participants were asked to complete the questionnaires adapted from Anderson's Reading Strategies Checklist (1999) and a Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) developed by Mokhtari and Sheorey (2002). The findings revealed that the average means of the overall reading strategies utilized by the able English users and the less able English users were not significantly different; however, able English users tend to apply metacognitive reading strategies more frequently than less able English users. These findings confirmed that good readers should be able to reflect and monitor their cognitive processes while reading. Therefore, it meant that good readers know which strategy should be applied when reading and how to use these strategies effectively and efficiently so as to achieve their reading comprehension.

Keywords

reading strategies; cognitive reading strategies; metacognitive reading strategies; compensating reading strategies; Thai EFL learners

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Author

Zou Yanqun

Beijing International Studies University, Beijing, China

Email: belindazou@126.com

Abstract

How to enhance students' translation competence (TC) is the essential issue in translator education, but scholars have not reached an agreement on the constitution of translation competence. Reviewing the development of translation competence, this study tries to clarify the constitution of TC in the present context, and reveals strategic competence—metacognitive competence, the central competence that dominates, harmonizes, and optimizes other sub-competences. Based on the review of the understanding of metacognition, the study elaborates the definition of metacognition, the significance of metacognition in learning, and the value and function of metacognition in translator education. In light of previous research, the study proposes the model of metacognition—ALERT, and explores how to integrate the model in translator education to enhance translation competence effectively, to improve translation quality and efficiency, and to cultivate metacognitive-conscious, autonomous, self-directed, competent translators, and lifelong learners.

Keywords

translation competence; metacognition; concept and instruction

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Author

Lin Wei
School of Translation Studies, Jinan University, China

Email: linweiwei@hotmail.com

Abstract

While the concept of Hua has always been integrated with China and Chinese, Huaren and Huaqiao and the like have different identities, involving profound historical, social, cultural significance as well as the core values and attributes of Chineseness. Based on a semiotic approach, this paper explores into the special relations between Hua as a semiotic symbol and the connotations implied in relation to translation studies through typical case analyses and personal experience shared. Certain meaningful implications may be revealed from the three aspects, namely the connotations of Hua in the light of semiotic approach, Chinese identities and Chineseness, and the “signifier”, “signified” and their agreement. 

Keywords

concept of Hua; Huaren; Chineseness; semiotic translation; identity; attribute

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Author

Zhang Zhiqing
School of Translation Studies of Jinan University, Zhuhai, China

Email: zhangzhiroger@126.com

Abstract

Piaget's schema theory renders a new perspective on translation as process and as product. Assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration, the three major concepts of this theory, are used for the schemabased construction of comprehension and reproduction in translation as well as that of translation as product. Based on such a construction, this paper reveals that assimilation and accommodation play an equally important role in the process of comprehension and reproduction, and the intrinsic demand of translation as a product for equilibration necessitates the adoption of different translation strategies and methods when the translational context has changed.

Keywords

schema; assimilation and accommodation; equilibration; translation as process; translation as product

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Authors

Zhou Dajun and Wang Yun
Department of Basic Courses, Naval Aeronautical and Astronautical University, Yantai, China

Email: e_zdj@hotmail.com

Abstract

Corpus technology was introduced to rule-based machine translation (MT) in the late 1980s. Corpusbased MT mainly includes statistic-based MT and example-based MT – the former lays emphasis on statistic model from mathematics, the latter inference through example translation from machine learning. The semanticbased method will become the trend in statistical MT development, while the perspectives for corpus-based MT system is to combine the latest research fruits of theories and technologies of various subjects concerned and to develop multi-mode corpus.

Keywords

machine translation (MT); corpus; statistic-based MT; example-based MT; perspective

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Authors

Thomas Cox, Lauren I. Murray, and Jarrad D. Plante

Dr. Thomas D. Cox earned his doctorate in Higher and Adult Edu

cation at the University of Memphis in 2004. He is an Assistant Professor of Higher Education and Policy Studies at the University of Central Florida. Prior to UCF, he was the Founding Director of the Adult and Higher Education master's degree at the University of Houston-Victoria. His research interests include research on adult learners experience within institutions of higher education, first year experience best practices, and the use of technology and online teaching. He has previous published an edited book with Dr. Kathy King of the University of Southern Florida entitled The Professor's Guide to Taming Technology. He currently has a book in press entitled Case Studies for the New Professor: Surviving the Jungle of the Academy".

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of an international service-learning experience on an undergraduate student's self-described worldview. The International Service-Learning Inventory was employed to determine students' views on variables associated with worldview: social justice, intercultural competencies, diversity, global awareness, democracy, civic engagement, and transformative learning. The study was conducted with University of Central Florida undergraduate students (N=9). The participants were enrolled in an international service-learning field experience in Botswana. The study examined educational access and gender issues. The results of the experiment illustrated large effect sizes in four factors: Community, Civic Engagement, Diversity, and Education and Leadership: Which were defined as a student's worldview. A score-card system was used (Knowles, Holton, Swanson, 2005, p.291) to measure individual responses on the Inventory prior to and upon return from the student's experience. One study result showed that diversity had the second highest recorded change. Diversity was the only factor in which students did not demonstrate low scores at either testing interval. Statistical analyses found that the diversity construct demonstrated the largest effect size. Interaction effects were also found between the four factors and gender and ethnicity variables. Main large effects were also found with the diverse populations of first generation students, Pell Grant recipients, and those who have traveled abroad. These findings indicate that students from underrepresented backgrounds may benefit from international service learning in ways that may not have been previously explored in the literature.

Keywords

international service-learning; worldview; social justice; diversity; civic engagement;transformative learning

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Author

Charles W. Bridges III

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze, discuss, and disseminate data pertaining to the attitudes and perceptions of graduates of a large University located in the southeastern region of the United States. Evaluating the attitudes and perceptions of graduates as to how effective the Career Services Department was in helping with their career development provided data that had not been collected by the University. The Career Services Department within the University has not researched whether or not its students perceive the programs and training material that the Office uses were effective in assisting the students in developing their career strategies. The University Career Services Department administrators have identified issues with regard to the Career Services Department methods of contacting students who may be interested in participating in the career development program.

The researcher developed a 13-item survey instrument, including test items utilized by the Career Services Department to gather data regarding the University graduates perceptions of the effectiveness of the career preparation program offerings and methodology. The instrument is a questionnaire that was used as a survey. It was administered to college students or alumni who have participated in a career preparation program either at the University or another college or University in the geographic area.

Keywords

career services; students' attitudes or perceptions; program effectiveness

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Author

Nathaya Boonkongsaen
Faculty of Education, Vongchavalitkul University, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
Nathayagirl_boon@hotmail.com

Abstract

The present study examines the effects of gender, reading anxiety and language learning experiences on the use of reading strategies used by science-oriented undergraduate students. The students are studying in the Northeast of Thailand. The Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) questionnaire and the Foreign Language Reading Anxiety Scale (FLRAS) were administered to elicit the data from 1,140 students. The results of the study revealed that problem solving strategies were most frequently employed, followed by global and support strategies. In addition, students' reported the use of reading strategies varied significantly in terms of gender, reading anxiety and their prior language learning experience. The present study shows some implications for the teaching and learning of English for science-oriented students in Thailand and other EFL contexts.

Keywords

reading; reading strategies; reading anxiety

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Author

Nedal Awwad Bani-Hani, Tayseer Andrawes Saleem

Abstract

The perse of this ad hoc qualitative research was to investigate the role of culture in the foreign language computerized textbooks through content analysis, and the extent to which culture is represented in the digitized Connections Series. The Connection Series consisted of three levels: the elementary level, the pre-intermediate level and the intermediate level. Each level consisted of two books: the student book and the workbook. This English textbook was computerized in Al-Balqa' Applied University in 2009 to be implemented in teaching the three English compulsory courses (E099, E101, and E102). Ten cultural aspects were used for the content analysis; they were: (1) Historical, (2) Economical, (3) Geographical, (4) Literary, (5) Political, (6) Religious, (7) Social, (8) Man-Woman relationship, (9) Habits+ Customs+ Traditions, and (10) The way of life. The researcher searched for ten cultural aspects to figure out to what extent these aspects exist in the six books. The ten aspects were presented in tables to be analyzed and evaluated by the researchers.

The findings showed that all the ten cultural aspects do exist in the textbook under investigation. The results of the study further revealed that Social, Habits, Customs, Traditions, and the way of life aspects were the most frequent ones. This indicated that the students' behavior was being targeted. It was also reported that the identity of the instructors and students was threatened by these aspects. Both instructors and students need to be more aware of the effect of the hidden curriculum in the English textbooks on the students' culture. Based on the results of the study, some recommendations were put forth.

Keywords

culture aspects; call; TEFL; Jordan; computerized textbooks; connections series; hidden curriculum

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Author

Guoliang Wu and Chuncan Feng

Abstract

This article highlights application and ability cultivation in current undergraduate education. It discusses how to achieve an application-oriented and ability-focused undergraduate education, taking for example Zhejiang Yuexiu University of Foreign Languages' exploration and practice of applied undergraduate education.

Keywords

undergraduate education; application-oriented ability; internationalization

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Author

Zhang Fang
Eastern Liaoning University, Dandong, Liaoning Province, China
zhangfang3699@163.com

Abstract

With the application of autonomous learning in university English teaching in recent years, research on teachers' roles is attracting more and more attention. This paper analyzes the six (6) roles that college English teachers should play in the new autonomous learning theory, including: learning concept reform, teaching goal setting, teaching content design, resource using guide, mental consultant and outcomes assessors. The focus of the study attempts to explain that teachers must fully understand the meaning of their own existence, to realize coexistence and conversion of multiple roles, to fully exert teachers influences, and to improve English teaching efficiency. Meanwhile, the study examined teachers' roles through experimental investigation. By comparing the experimental group and the control group, we further confirmed the six roles of teachers in autonomous learning mode are of great significance.

Keywords

university English; autonomous Learning; teachers' roles; monitoring

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Authors

Maurice Taylor is a full professor at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Education where he teaches and supervises graduate students in adult learning and development. Over his 25 years of experience in adult education and literacy, Maurice has conducted numerous national research studies on adult training practices, job-related curriculum and andragogy in higher learning and has held administrative positions with the Canadian Association for the Study of Adult Education, and the Commonwealth Association for Education and Training of Adults. Professor Taylor has been invited as a consultant and expert for such organizations as the Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities, the National Literacy Secretariat, the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration, Human Resources Partnership Directorate, The Centre for Literacy, Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, the National Judicial Institute and St. John Ambulance. His Canadian research work has been funded through provincial governments and agencies and federal granting councils while his international research has attracted support through the Commonwealth Foundation and International University Councils. His publications focus mainly on adult literacy, foundations of adult learning, workplace basic skills training, and adult identity formation. Professor Taylor can be reached at mtaylor@uOttawa.ca.

David Trumpower is an Associate professor who teaches and supervises graduate students in measurement and evaluation at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Education. Although his academic training is in cognitive psychology (which means that he studies how people learn and retain information), his main interest is in how principles of learning can be applied in educational settings. His work is based on the realization that true learning goes beyond memorization of facts, definitions, and equations – it requires a deeper understanding of how such concepts are related and applied. Specifically, he is interested in the development of non-traditional techniques of assessing conceptual knowledge for the purpose of formative feedback and instructional design (i.e., to improve learning rather than to simply rank students). Among his current projects, he is using a structural assessment technique (much like concept mapping) to visually represent students' and teachers' domain knowledge, and then using the results to identify students' strengths and weaknesses and to guide instruction. Dr. Trumpower can be reached at david.trumpower@uOttawa.ca

Abstract

This Canadian study investigated the various conditions of engagement for adult high school learners guided by Wlodkowski's motivational framework for culturally responsive teaching. Using a qualitative case study design, adult learners and instructors from two different academic upgrading programs participated in the study. Results indicate the framework is a useful tool for understanding intrinsic motivating conditions for basic education learners. The findings also shed some light on how extrinsic motivators play a role in engaging students in the teaching and learning process.

Keywords

Adult learners and intrinsicmotivation; teaching process; learning process; Wlodkowski's motivational framework; Culturally Responsive Teaching

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Author

Zou Yanqun
Beijing International Studies University, Beijing, China

Email: belindazou@hotmail.com

Abstract

The cultural and creative industries play a unique and essential role in intercultural communication in the context of globalization. China has accumulated profound cultural sediment with five thousand years of history and more than fifty minorities that provide a solid foundation for the development of cultural and creative industries in China. However there are problems in the translation of texts in cultural and creative industries, which have been barriers for intercultural communication and the development of these industries. Impression Liu Sanjie is a musical performance that conveys a creative artistic conception of harmony between man and nature. This article uses Impression Liu Sanjie as an example to illustrate the significance of cultural awareness in translating texts of cultural and creative industries to extend the depth of intercultural communication, to highlight its spiritual and humanistic value, to enhance the interest, appeal, and influence of the cultural and creative industries in the context of globalization.

Keywords

cultural and creative industries; cultural awareness; intercultural translation; cultural awareness in literature

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Author

Hui Zhang
Qingdao Harbor Vocational and Technical College, Qingdao, Shandong, China

Email: echo66@126.com

Abstract

China's higher vocational colleges provide vocational education to high school graduates who cannot enter universities. Teachers in higher vocational colleges interface with students, who as a cohort, have different characteristics from those entering university but also vary greatly on an individual level. The present study investigates the efficacy of teachers' leadership styles in higher vocational colleges in Beijing, Qingdao, Hangzhou, and Ningxia, located in the north, south, east, and west of China respectively. A Blanchard Situational Approach was used and data were collected from 100 teachers and 200 students at these colleges. Quantitative analysis was used on the responses to the questionnaires for the teachers and students. The results show that although the students in different colleges vary from each other, the teachers' leadership styles were adapted according students learning journey; in essence, teachers' leadership styles are dynamic and develop from directing to coaching to supporting and then delegating.

Keywords

leadership; leadership styles of teachers; Blanchard situational approach; vocational college

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Author

Zaid Suleiman AL-Edwan is an Assistant Professor specialized in curricula and methods of teaching, Al-Balqa' Applied University. He also serves as Vice Dean of Princess Alai' College for training, development and quality affairs. He has published many academic papers and scientific books and has participated in many local and international conferences. His interests fall within the field of school curricula development and teaching methodology. He can be reached at Z_aludwan@yahoo.com.

Abstract

This study aimed at identifying the efficiency of using Web Quest Strategy in acquiring the geographic concepts among eighth grade students in Jordan. The study individuals consisted of (119) students in the scholastic year 2013-2014. Four sections were randomly selected from two schools and divided into experimental and control groups. They were placed into the experimental group that consisted of (58) male and female students taught by Web Quest Strategy and into a control group that consisted of (61) male and female students taught by the traditional method. To achieve the study objectives, teaching plans were prepared according to the Web Quest Strategy and testing the acquisition of the geographic concepts. The study results showed the presence of differences with statistical significance at significance level ( =0.05) between the means of the students' scores on the test acquiring the geographic concepts attributed to the teaching method in favor of the experimental group. But the results did not reveal the presence of statistically significant differences between the students' scores on the test of acquiring the geographic concepts by the eighth basic grade attributed to the gender variable or to the interaction between the teaching method and gender.

Keywords

web quest strategy; geographic concepts; eighth basic grade

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Author

Somjit Saysouvanh, Suphanni Luebunchu, and Atha Nantachak

Somjit Saysouvanh
Date of Birth October 17, 1950 at Vientiane Capital, Laos. He earned his Phd. in Music Education from College of Music, Mahasarakham University – Thailand. He can be reached at: violinteacher1954@hotmail.com

Atha Nantachak
Ph.D. of History from Silpakron Univetsity, Thailand National University. Hanoi, Vietnam Department of History Faculty of Humanities and Social Science Mahasarakham University, Thailand Guest Prof, Kyoto University National Center on Humanities and Social Science Vietnam University of Culture, Hanoi , Vietnam.

Abstract

The Vietnam National Academy of Music has carried on Violin Performing Studies, developing it and searching for ways to promote it at universal standards. Many great teachers at the Vietnam National Academy of Music are accepted as quality violinists. Some of them have received the Best International Violinist Award. This qualitative research is aimed at investigating the instruction of the violin teaching process on violin performance of great teachers at the Vietnam National Academy of Music. A sample group of 34 people, consisting of 10 violin academic teachers, 10 teachers in other musical branches and 14 music experts researchers in instruments were observed, were interviewed, and participated in a focus group. Research data were examined by means of a triangulation technique, and the findings were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. The findings revealed that the great teachers had instructed their students from the kindergarten level to the university level. The instruction process on the violin performance at all levels was alike; it began with preparation and operation and ended with evolution. The differences among all levels were the difficulty and the complexity of performance techniques.

Keywords

violin instruction process; Vietnam National Academy of Music; Indicators of best practices in music teachers

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Author

Peter Godard is an experienced education policy professional whose passions include social justice, technology, and data use. Mr. Godard currently serves the Illinois State Board of Education as Chief Performance Officer. In this role, he leads data collection, reporting, analysis and education research related to 2.1 million students, more than 120,000 teachers and nearly 900 school districts. His team recently launched a statewide survey of students and teachers and developed a national model for school performance reporting on www.illinoisreportcard.com. Prior to his tenure at the State Board of Education, Mr. Godard worked for seven years in Chicago Public Schools, the nation's third largest school district. Mr. Godard received a B.A. in Public Policy Studies from the University of Chicago and is currently pursuing graduate education at DePaul University. His volunteer work includes mentoring and leadership council membership at Year Up, a program designed to close the opportunity gap for urban young adults.

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Author

Dwayne Small
DePaul University, Chicago, USA

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Author

Almut Meyer graduated with a Licentiate of Philosophy degree in German Philology from the University of Jyv?skyl? in 2000. She has teaching experience in both business and academia in the fields of German Philology and language for specific purposes since 1994. Since 2002, she has served as a lecturer of Legal German at the Faculty. She was a member of the Board of the Language Center of the University of Turku in 2003-2010. She was a member of the Language Committee of the University Consortium 2008-2010. Ms. Meyer's main research interests are legal linguistics and legal culture. To develop the curriculum, she has investigated where and when Finnish jurists need professional German language. In the future, Meyer's interdisciplinary research will concentrate on how legal culture is communicated in legal German courses. She can be reached at Email: almut.meyer@utu.fi

Abstract

Legal German teaching at the Faculty of Law of Turku focuses on the mediation of culture.For this purpose an interpretation model has been developed for systematically exploring the cultural dimensions of legal texts. To embed this cultural approach into legal studies, examples of cultural concepts within legal studies are presented. Legal scholars recognize the significant role of culture in understanding law within intercultural contexts. Moreover, interdisciplinary cooperation between legal and cultural studies is suggested. Concepts of culture within law are not extensively discussed here. Instead, the focus is on epistemological aspects to distinguish the link between the law and legal language learning.

Keywords

intercultural competence; interpretation model; cultural exploration; interdisciplinary cooperation

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Author

Professor Dr. Laura Ervo is professor of law in Swden at the ?rebro University, the School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. She is also an adjunct professor (docent) in Finland at the Universities of Turku, Helsinki and Eastern Finland. Her main field of research is procedural law, especially human rights in proceedings. The author has participated in many international research projects ¨C for instance "Establishing a New Framework for Realizing Effective Transnational Business Litigation", which was a project of the Nagoya University, Japan. She is also a council member of the International Association for Procedural Law (2011 - ) and the Nordic Association for Procedural Law (2006- 2012). Laura Ervo is trained on the bench and in 2011 she got the title especially merited teacher. E-mail: laura.ervo@oru.se

Abstract

This paper is to discuss how to take cultural needs and cultural diversity into consideration if the followed legal rules are based on the main culture and authorities involved in the trial represent the main culture as well. How much cultural diversity can be allowed in a trial and finally how to make the fair trial fair to all involved in it?

Keywords

procedural law; fair trial; multiculturalism; Scandinavia

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Author

Dr. Keshab Chandra Mandal is an Assistant Teacher of Political Science in Ghatal Y.S.S. Vidyapith (H.S.). He has 12 years of teaching and 10 years research experience. His research accomplishments include many national and international presentations and publications in the field of ¡°Gender Studies¡±,¡°Local Governments¡± ¡°State Politics¡± and ¡°Development Studies¡±. Apart from his triple Master Degrees, Bachelor of Education and Post Graduation Diploma in Business Management, he has received Ph. D. in Empowerment of Women in Panchayati Raj (Three-tier Rural Local Government) Institutions from the Vidyasagar University in 2009. He is the author or 8 books, 3 monographs, and about three dozens of articles in newspapers and national and international journals. Along with his teaching profession he has been working as an Executive Editor (Honorary) of a Bengali newspaper.

Abstract

Global empowerment of women is a new concept. Since the second half of the twentieth century, the issue of women's empowerment has gained importance among scholars of universities, and in national and international platforms. But the concept was not deeply ingrained into the governments' policies and programs until the declaration of the ¡®Women's Decade' in 1975. Though the Indian Government endowed franchise to all its citizens irrespective of caste, creed, sex, and color immediately after Independence, it was confined mainly in papers while the majority of women were essentially powerless until the last decade of previous century. Considering their low socio-economic position, scholars, bureaucrats, and governments have begun to pay considerable attention in empowering women. Because of India's feudal society, the pace of advancement of women remains tardy. This article addresses the challenges and realities of this situation. It calls for government, political decision makers, NGOs, and other actors to come forward to ensure women's all round development for making India a developed country.

Keywords

women empowerment; women's decade; India

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Author

Mr. Ping Wang has a B.A. from Shanghai International Studies University and an M.A. with Merit in International English Language Teaching and Applied Language Studies from London Metropolitan University. He has been an associate professor in the College of Foreign Languages at Jiaxing University since 2007. He was awarded the Confucius Institute Chinese Director by the Confucius Institute Headquarters on September 1, 2009. His research fields are TEFL and TCFL. In the past five years, he has published more than 25 academic papers, among which two were indexed by SSCI. He can be reached at Pwang886@hotmail.com

Abstract

This report probes into the professional development of rural primary school English teachers in West China and aims to explore whether the UK model of the Professional Graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) could be successfully introduced to the rural primary school context in China. Reflective questionnaires were used to examine the Chinese rural primary school English teachers' needs, challenges, and perceptions of the implementation of Standards for Teachers of English in Primary Schools (STEPS) in the professional development in rural school contexts in China. 300 teachers participated in the research, whose feedback illustrated that there exist serious problems in the current training model and they have a very high expectation of being involved in the UK model.

Keywords

rural primary school; professional development of English teachers; the Professional Graduate Certificate in Education; CPE of teachers of English in China; the STEP model

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Author

Sutas Janbuala, Sudthipan Dhirapongse, Nisarat Issaramanorose and Mana Iembua
Suan Dusit Rajabhat University, Thailand E-mail: sutas_jan@dusit.ac.th

Abstract

The purposes of this research were to study 1) the criteria used to determine learning areas relevant to scientific process skill for young children; 2) the scientific process skill promoted by using instructional media; 3) the criteria of learning resources selecting, instruction media selecting, instructional media resources and types of instructional media; 4) the problems and the obstacles of using local wisdom instructional media in learning management and; 5) the problems and obstacles of inventing scientific instructional media using local wisdom in learning management. The population used in this research was 394 of child caregiver teachers in child development centers and the data collected through the questionnaire designed by the researchers. The research results were as follow: 1) The first criterion that child caregiver teachers used to determine learning areas relevant to scientific process skill for young child was the content related to the children follow by the content appropriated with age and development. 2) The scientific process skill promoted by using instructional media was rated in order by observation skill and comparison skill respectively. 3) The criteria of learning resources selecting, instruction media selecting, instructional media resources and types of instructional media found; 4) The problems and the obstacles of using local wisdom instructional media in learning management were the durability of the instructional media and the lack of knowledge of child caregiver teachers in using local wisdom in learning management. 5) The problems and obstacles of scientific instructional media invention using local wisdom were teachers' lack of instructors and lack of ideas in instructional media invention.

Keywords

instructional media; scientific process skill; local wisdom; young children

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Author

Astrid Seltrecht and Jenny Frankenberg

Abstract

The following report gives an insight into a seminar in which students of the Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany worked together with students from the North Dakota State University (NDSU), the culmination of which was a co-produced video conference. Each university separately prepared presentations on the topic of public health for this video conference. The University of Frankfurt students were in an Educational Science/Pedagogy (Bachelor of Arts) program, whereas the NDSU students came from a Master of Public Health program. In retrospect, it was found that the processing of the ¨C not genuinely educational science - topics were also profitable for the German students from the Department of Educational Science, as the pre-and post-processing of the video conference promoted both reflective pedagogical practice as well as the development of scientific techniques.

Keywords

Pedagogical Practice; Scientific Techniques

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